# Rajasthan Elections: Meet Alwar’s research lab researchers

Alwar is known as the Singh Gate of Rajasthan. Chief Minister Vasundhara Raje reminded the crowd of thousands gathered on Sunday to listen to Prime Minister Narendra Modi. But this district with 11 assembly seats has also been infamous for mob lynching in recent years. Alwar has become synonymous with cow protection parties in the last two years. This is the district where the mob was killed by the mob in broad daylight. This is the district where Rakbar was killed by the members of the cow protection party and later he was declared dead under mysterious circumstances.

Ramgarh administrative block of Alwar has been particularly the center of such illegal activities. It has been alleged here that often the police themselves work with the guards. In Ramgarh, the gau rakshaks remain uncontrollable. Till the death of Rakbar Khan, he allegedly had full support of the police. At least this is the claim of the members of the Gau Raksha Dal.

These issues help the saffron brigade strengthen the electoral opportunities of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). During the peak period of the election campaign, we met the young gau rakshaks of Rajasthan. To know who these people are who are ready to “sacrifice their lives for cow mother or say that to take the life of others”.

The youth brigade of gau rakshaks has an 18-year-old youth who wants to go to WWE, and also has a 35-year-old confectioner who has been associated with the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) for more than a decade.

Methodology of Cow Guard Parties

The gaurakshaks working in groups affiliated to VHP’s cow protection branch follow some basic things. How is the vehicle identified? They keep an eye on trucks or tampos that have two radiators, additional diesel tanks, the front and rear body of the vehicle extended, as well as vehicles with ambiguous or no numbers.

The head of VHP’s cow protection unit in Alwar, Naval Kishore Mishra, said, “The vehicles that carry cows have mud and cow dung marks on their car. Our boys keep an eye on the arrival of such vehicles. Once such vehicles are seen then the teams concerned are informed. ” After looking at the vehicles, all possible routes are identified from where those vehicles can go and the teams of cow guards are alerted. There are 13-14 such units in Ramgarh alone – each unit has 10 to 20 members.

Mishra, 42, told that after this it is the turn to coordinate with the police. It is to be noted here that Mishra is the person who worked to coordinate between the police and the local gau rakshaks of Lalwandi village during the Rakbar Khan incident. Police is informed about the movement of “cow smugglers” by cow guard teams. But their exact location is reported only 30 minutes before the raid. Mishra said, “This ensures that information is not leaked by the detectives present in the police.” The road is blocked by stones, nails, rails and motorcycles. Mishra told, “Once the cow-smugglers are caught, then they are handed over to the police.”

Young cow protectors claim that they fight for Hinduism and the nation.

1: Ram Khiladi Verma, Halwai (Cow protector and akhada instructor)

This reporter asked, “Who is in your family?” Varma replied, “Two cow-mothers, mother, my wife and two children.” Verma, 35, lives near Chhoti Bawri area of ​​Ramgarh in Alwar. He also works as a confectioner with a tent house and trains the youth in the arena managed by the Bajrang Dal. “I am the district president of the Bajrang Dal’s arena wing. I manage five to six akharas,” he said.

Varma has been training yoga and fencing for young recruits. When asked why do training in fencing, he replied – To save Sanatan Dharma, we should have scripture in one hand and weapons in the other.

Verma had joined the RSS in 1998, and in 2012 had joined the Bajrang Dal. “In the last 18 years, I have been part of the raids to save 16,000-17,000 Gau Dynasty.” He has challenged the Ramgarh police that if they have the courage, they should show a single “cow-smuggler” on their own. According to him, he is very angry with the police because the police has made a case against innocent cow guards in the case of Rakbar’s murder.

Anger Never Good For Anything

Verma, in rage and anger, shares his pain that the media portrays cow guards negatively. He said, “My 65-year-old mother does not sleep at night when I go out for a raid. She knows that maybe I will not be able to come back alive. Our lives are on track, smugglers also use guns and Also shoot. ” In his 18 years of experience, whenever he has caught the vehicle in “rescue” raids, he has not faced any fight yet. The person who “puts his life at stake”, earns 10-12 thousand rupees in the peak season and some months are also when he does not get any work. “I dedicate more and more time to the organization in such months.”

When asked how he manages the expenses of the family. He replied, “We grow crops and vegetables in the field, there are two cow mothers for milk. And we do not need money for anything else.” When asked about the medical expenses, he said, “Listen, sir, I have not been sick in 35 years. It is because of Gau Mata in which 33 gods live.” Varma claimed that he only drinks cow’s milk, uses gobra every 15 days and consumes cow urine every ten days – and this keeps him healthy.

However, he also seems disappointed with Vasundhara Raje’s system, “These are internal differences and will be handled by the organization”.

2: Jaspal Singh Rajput, (gym trainer)

At the entrance of Lalwandi village, a gym is open all day. There is no lock or door. 21-year-old Jaspal Singh Rajput is a gym trainer here. Jaspal, a graduate in BA, joined the RSS in 2013. Since then, are involved in cow protection activities. Rajput says, “Even our elders were involved in cow protection activities.”

When asked why he took the law in hand, his response was, “No son can keep quiet, when someone touches his mother, kills him and removes his skin.” According to him, there is a reasonable reason to kill “cow smugglers” so that they can be taught a suitable lesson and they cannot think of smuggling cows in future. ”

Jaspal Singh Rajput is from Lalwandi and understands the risk of being a cow protector. “Someone may not get a job because a lawsuit is filed against him in the name of cow protector. But this is not enough reason to not protect our mother.” He said that after the killing of Rakbar, the situation had become terrible and the guard parties had to calm down a bit. He himself has found a job in North Delhi, for a short time.

Asked about his expectations from the election, he said, “I do not get into politics. I want the BJP that those who have been arrested in the Rakbar case from the village should be released. BJP should give cow smugglers Law should be brought to hang. ”

The Rajputs have been part of 50 cow raids so far. According to him only those people are beaten up during raids.

3: Ravi Kumar, 12th dropout (Hasakirat known in WWE)

Ravi Kumar, a resident of Chidwai village of Ramgarh, is a 12th dropout. Kumar is 18 years old and joined the cow guard team two years ago. Kumar said, “I am unemployed right now. There is a plan to start something of my own.” In his daily routine, “I go to the gym in the evening and help the housemates”.

Kumar’s only hobby is exercising in the gym. His coach has said that Kumar wishes to join WWE and he will do so soon. However, recently, his interest was limited to some late-night raids.

He had a slightly different start with the Gauraksha Dal. Kumar said, “The first time I participated in the raid was when one of my friends called me. Friends would call.” He further explained that he covers his face during the raid and tries to keep it secret from his family. “I have been part of only a few raids. I am not part of the RSS or Bajrang Dal yet.”

 

Madan Lal Saini: confident on the seventh sky, Raje will be the government

The leadership of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in Rajasthan seems completely discouraged. This situation is clearly visible in his statements. On Saturday, the current Chief Minister Vasundhara Raje reached the party headquarters in Jaipur, but after the exit poll results came against her, she left without talking to the media persons standing outside.

The incident occurred after an informal meeting of Raje with state BJP president Madan Lal Saini, Election Management Committee convenor Gajendra Singh Shekhawat and state organization secretary Chandrashekhar. However, Vasundhara Raje made a comment without coming in front of the camera and the mic that “Don’t worry, we are returning to power”.

However, Raje’s remarks showed lack of confidence. The trends in exit polls have raised alarm bells for the BJP. According to exit polls of various TV channels, the BJP and the Raje government are on the verge of losing Rajasthan. However, Election Management Committee convenor Shekhawat told the media that after the meeting of the leaders of the four states, we believe that they are going to emerge as the single largest party and are going to form the government.

When Shekhawat was asked whether mistakes were made from him, there is a huge difference between emerging as the largest party and reaching the majority figure. To this, Union Minister and Jodhpur MP Shekhawat replied, “I said that we will emerge as the single largest party and form the government. We will touch the mark of majority”. He said, “Nothing wrong has happened. 180 is the goal set to inspire our workers.”

In the conversation, Shekhawat admitted that they are keeping a close watch on at least 60 seats. The reason for this is that there can be a triangular struggle or a tough competition on these seats. Reacting to the question of the strategy of bringing such candidates in his court, Shekhawat said, “Although we do not feel the need to do this, our people are working on such a possibility. BJP is ready for all possibilities” . ”

A senior BJP source said that the party is not denying any possibility and is working on all fronts, “whether it is about the rebels or the people who formed the new political front in the state. Their gesture Hanuman was towards Beniwal and Ghanshyam Tiwari.

Talks Not Up To The Mark

On the other hand, the state BJP chief Saini is speaking in complete contrast to these options. He dismissed the trends of exit polls which came out and said that BJP will return to power with absolute majority and also said that BJP is expecting a tough challenge in only 20 seats. It is also funny that they do not agree with the number given by Shekhawat.

In its first interview given to Newslaundry after the exit poll results were revealed, state BJP President Madan Lal Saini said that the BJP is fully prepared to save Rajasthan. He ruled out any anger or resistance between the farmers and the youth.

Excerpt from conversation with Amit Bhardwaj:

What does the internal response from legislatures, district level party officials say?

We will form government in Rajasthan with absolute majority. BJP is ready to break the myth that Rajasthan has to change its government every five years. We will prove it again by forming a government in Rajasthan.

But exit polls tell a different story. This is completely different from yours.

I do not give much importance to the results of exit polls from outside. Instead I believe the reaction of our workers who work on the ground, who bring voters to the booth. I trust my workers. They are saying that we are winning and forming a government.

As far as the exit poll is concerned – it came out in Bihar and Delhi assembly elections, where it was said that BJP is going to form government. Exit poll was revealed in UP, where it was shown that BJP was not even close to victory, but we won the election with a strong majority. The results of exit polls are, in fact, only speculation.

But in UP, in Gujarat and even in Karnataka, there were a handful of exit polls in your favor. So where it is in favor of BJP, you accept it and reject it where it is against you. Why this contradiction?

I do not trust exit polls before the election. I trust the response of my workers.

Which areas of Rajasthan have positive expectations and from where the party is expecting a setback?

What I have claimed is based on the entire picture of Rajasthan. Actual results may be one or two seats back and forth. It is not possible for me to discuss each area in detail.

Generally, the BJP comes up with a number after discussing with its employees from booth level to the state. And you are not yet sharing how many seats you are expecting from the assembly elections?

It would be wrong of me to share in detail with the media. All I can say is that we are winning the election!

Are Claims Correct?

Union Minister Shekhawat said that BJP will emerge as the single largest party and you are claiming that BJP will come back with absolute majority. Why two leaders, two statements?

These are just numbers. If we get 99 seats then BJP will become the largest party. If we get 100 seats then we will get majority. It is just a matter of one or two seats.

So is it going above 99 or 100 (majority number), which you are expecting?

It is not a matter of media. He worries that we are going to form the government.

Imagine that you fall behind in the majority. So what will be Plan-B?

There is no plan B We are not sitting on any alternative plan, because the results will be in our favor.

Let’s move forward. Farmers in Jodhpur said that capping 40 quintals to get MSP of garlic has become a problem for them. They are forced to sell the remaining production at a price of Rs 2 per kg. Do you agree that the BJP has faced the wrath of the farmers in the state?

These are matters of policy and governance. This is such a big issue that cannot be discussed in this way nor will you understand it. Apart from this, such details are also not useful for your channel.

But was the anger of the farmers against you?

There is no anger among the farmers. We have forgiven the loan of farmers up to Rs 50,000. We have also given a contingency compensation of Rs 10,000. We ensured the availability of urea for them. Because of all this, they are very happy with our government.

Do you agree that the Congress can use the issue of unemployment among the youth to garner votes against you?

There is no anger or anger among such youth against us. 76,000 jobs for the youth are in the pipeline and 26,000 jobs are pending because the matter is still in court. Soon everyone will come forward.

Last question, suppose if things do not work according to BJP’s expectations then what would be your alternative plan? Have you formed a team to reach the opposition?

It will not be required. We will not even have any need to manage rebel MLAs. We are confident that the government will be re-formed under the leadership of Vasundhara Rajaji.

 

Debt waiver within ten hours not ten days

Neither the oath of ministers nor the cabinet meeting. Power changed and Kamal Nath signed the loan waiver document of the farmers as soon as he took oath as Chief Minister. This is indeed the first time that politics has taken over the economy or whether political economics has become true of India. The mess that has been played with the country’s economy for political power in the last four years has given the opposition the signal that the economy will continue, it is necessary to create the conditions to get power first and then to handle it.

The same thing happened. After fifteen years of power in the debt-ridden Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh, the Congress got the declaration of debt waiver within ten hours without any delay, and all the traditional questions were aired that the state budget was its Allows or not.

In fact, in the way Modi government has run the government, even a common man can close his eyes and say that demonetisation was a political decision rather than economic. The way GST was implemented was a political decision, not an economic one. It is also a political necessity to demand to deposit three lakh crores rupees deposited in the Reserve Bank in the market. The first two decisions broke the country’s economic back, and the Reserve Bank’s decision brought the crumbling economy to the surface.

Then when Arvind Subramanian, who was the Chief Economic Advisor of the Modi government during the time of demonetisation and GST, left the post, he wrote a book (of the Council, The Challenge of Modi-Jaitley Economy) and told the world how the decision of demonetisation was fatal for economic development. , And how GST complicates the economy.

On the other hand Raghuram Rajan, a former governor of the Reserve Bank, considered close to the Congress, believes that their woes will not go away with the debt waiver of the farmers. Incidentally, the day Raghuram Rajan was saying this, Kamal Nath in Madhya Pradesh and Bhupesh Baghel in Chhattisgarh were the first to sign a loan waiver document after taking oath as CM.

What are the confusions?

The question is three. First, has the political and economy streak disappeared. Second, is the 1991 Liberal economy now its age? Thirdly, have the difficult circumstances of rural India now come in a position to give direction to mainstream politics. Together, these three questions are setting the political situation of 2019 in such a way in which the country is no longer in a position to look back. On this board, not only the economic reforms of 1991, but also the politics of satraps coming out of Mandal-Kandal.

How the streak of politics and economy is erased and India is moving in the direction of alternative political economics, it can be understood well through the Congress. Congress is making the corporate love of Modi a political issue. The debt waiver of farmers and increasing the land for small and medium industries and the interests of the workers are trying to look beyond the question of MNREGA. While these grounds were strongly opposed by the Manmohan Brand Economy. But now the Congress is understanding agricultural economics, but its poster is none other than Manmohan Singh.

That is, after winning victory in three states, politics which has taken a turn has been allowed to be used uniquely in the politics of the country at many levels simultaneously. Or have created the idea of ​​changing oneself. At the first level, the Congress is trying to move towards adopting growth with employment because the way the Modi regime adopted the framework of the Liberal economy, it became a ‘growth without jobs’ situation.

On the second level, in the way the Congress came to the center of the politics of the opposition, the question has arisen in front of the satraps that even if the BJP opposes, it cannot win the victory. They will have to stand with the Congress. And at the third level, the situation has become such that there was an NDA with all the contradictions that needed power, but now UPA is being formed which needs to save more political ground than power. This view has also come to light from the opposition riding in a bus during the swearing in of the Congress in three states. However, many speculations have also arisen due to the absence of Mayawati, Akhilesh and Mamta.

In fact, Modi-Shah’s BJP began to wipe out Mamata’s political ground by rubbing power and threatening investigative agencies. So there is a crisis in front of the satraps that they cannot go with the BJP and ignore the Congress. But in this episode also it has to be understood that the Congress has got the mandate in three states only on the opposition of the Congress or the opposition of the BJP. Within this victory, the silent pain of the Muslim vote bank is also hidden.

Due to debt waiver, the politics of OBC and SC-ST community is also hidden and in Rajasthan, the coming of Jats with Congress is completely hidden. If we examine this canvas on the board of 2019, then there is this crisis in front of the satraps, how to avoid going on Congress terms with the Congress. Because when the Congress is successful in converting Modi’s opposition to power in its favorable mandate, then the challenge before the satraps is that if they remain against the Congress, then any unwanted message will be that they are with the BJP. In that case, why would a Muslim, Dalit, Jat or a section benefiting from debt waiver support any satrap.

Mamta, Maya and Akhilesh will also be seen in the next meeting of all opposition parties in January. Now the challenge before BJP is how to keep its allies together and how to leave the path of Liberal economy and move to implement alternative economic model. The political economics of 2019 is now being clearly written on the text. To corporate

The facility or concession will now be turned towards rural India.

That is, it will not work now that if Urjit Patel resigned as the Governor of the Reserve Bank, the stock market and the Sensex were handled by the corporate by making Shaktikanta Das the Governor. This is because it is believed that he will follow Modi at the behest of power. And the message has been given to the country that the economic thinking of the government is on track, Urjit Patel was the only one unaware.

Chit fund and the ugly trap of journalism in West Bengal

Senior West Bengal journalist Suman Chattopadhyay has been arrested by the CBI in a chit-fund scam. Chattopadhyay is the third journalist who has been accused of a chit-fund scam, after the Trinamool Congress-fired MP, former editor of the daily newspaper ‘Affiliate Daily’, Kunal Ghosh and editor-in-chief Srinjoy Bose.

On Thursday, Chattopadhya was arrested for his involvement in the I-core group chit-fund scam. On Friday, the Chief Judicial Magistrate of Bhubaneswar Court sent Chattopadhyay to CBI custody for three days. The CBI has told the court that the I-core group is accused of gobbling huge profits to garner 3,000 crore rupees from the people, part of the fund was to be distributed through Chattopadhyay’s company.

This story exposes another case in which the name of such a person in the journalism world has been spoiled, who has taken Bengali journalism to a new dimension in the last decade. This incident shows the ugly face of journalism running on money which tries to invest money in journalism in a state through questionable sources.

The entire media fraternity, including his rival, seems to be avoiding talking openly on this issue, but it is sure that if the matter is investigated in depth, many more layers will come out in it. Sources connected with the case said that the information that is being obtained by the investigating agency can reveal the respected names of many big politicians and media.

This arrest is not yet an important news for the media of West Bengal. The major Bengali and English newspapers of the state have not yet covered it. Even the Bengali newspaper Anand Bazar Patrika, which has the highest circulation in the state, has published only a small report without naming Chattopadhyay.

I-core and cr

Sources say that the CBI is absolutely ready to file charges against Chattopadhyay, as he is also seen to be involved in the investigation of crores of rupees scam. Sources reveal that he had taken money from several chit fund forms on behalf of I-Core.

A police officer said on condition of anonymity, “Everyone knows about the editor’s collusion with the chit fund firm.” He got Rs 20 crore from the firm and other places besides I-core. ”

From a small reporter to a celebrity club

Chattopadhyay started his career as a trainee reporter in 1981 from a Bengali daily newspaper, Nowadays. In his 25-year stint with Anand Bazar Patrika, he staked a lot more than his face and name. He took Anand Bazar Patrika to new heights as executive editor. Chattopadhyay gave a new identity to Bengali journalism. He was also the founding editor of the Bengali news channel ‘ABP Ananda’ which started in 2004, which he left in 2005. This year he joined Kolkata TV as the founding editor and left it in 2006.

Subsequently, Chattopadhyay started his own Bengali newspaper ‘Ekadin’. Together, another publication direction was also laid. He needed the money to complete these projects and it is here that he took money from the chit fund firm.

In 2014, the CBI started answering questions on Chattopadhyay’s case of taking money from I-Core. At that time, the CBI came to know that a part of the company’s funds was sent to Disha Production and Media Private Limited and also some amount went to Chattopadhyay’s personal account. In the year 2017, his wife Kasturi was also questioned in the Saradha chit fund case.

A political investment

The Sharda Chit Fund scam surfaced in 2013. Just 2 years after Trinamool Congress came into government. Then political opponents of Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee started accusing him that much of the publicity of the 2011 assembly elections was done with the money from the propaganda chit fund and capital scheme. In the capital scheme, in which low income communities are shown a lot of returns, they are invested in other projects with their small savings.

The companies that benefited from the chit fund rupees were Rose Valley, I-Core and Sharda. These firms allegedly transferred their funds to media houses. With this money, TV channels, newspapers and magazines were started. As a result, a large number of new publishing institutes started in Bengal, although most of these publications got locked up after the CBI’s action.

A former journalist explains, “Many prominent journalists have taken money among political parties. In which the names of Chattopadhyay and Kunal Ghosh came to the forefront, but what about others? General elections are near, so I wouldn’t be surprised if many other big names appear behind bars. ”

Incidentally, Ghosh, who has been released after serving a 3-year sentence, is the only person who spoke publicly on Chattopadhyay’s arrest.

Ghosh’s question is why is the media silent now? He said, “The government took action against me and the media cheered when I was arrested in a false case, to which I had no connection.” At that time, the entire media including Suman Da (referring to Chattopadhyay) gave me a lot of news about my arrest which had nothing to do with me. I was falsely accused, but why is the entire media silent today? ”

He went on to say, “Are my and everyday leaders

How was Mr. Srinjoy Bose treated? Is journalism so sick? ”

This arrest has raised alarm bells in the corridors of power as Chattopadhyay is considered close to Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee. Political experts say that his arrest is a way to ‘sideline’ the TMC government in the state just before the general elections. He believes that the Center is trying to raise the issue of chit funds once again to put pressure on the TMC government. This arrest is a warning to those who played the role of a broker during the voting.

The incident has given the Opposition BJP an opportunity to attack the TMC once again, and the tensions between the ruling TMC and the BJP over the Rath Yatra just before the general elections are not hidden from anyone. This arrest can prove to be a strong weapon in the hands of BJP against Mamata Banerjee.

2018: Was it beautiful to see a mirror lift

When the long series of scenes, voices, smells, tastes, and touches of the past year come to a restless, intimidating, and provocative, a very unpleasant, licentious, guilt-ridden thing is left at the end. It is disillusioned. As if for four and a half years, someone has been saying in the old voice of Bahadur Shah Zafar – “Zahid did not rise for God, nor for the sake of God. It should not happen that even the same Kafir Sanam came out.” But what did Zahid do, this year Sanam raised the curtain herself, see this is me.

The common people debated about the Finomina, the person who was most analyzed, in the train or bus journey, whose tone was to pronounce the name of the passengers there to be religiously-politically polarized and bring about the fight. The power remained a mystery in its attempt to hide its educational degree (which is given ceremonially from the public platform) Or, it was a year of his disguise or disillusionment with him.

In the merciless cold of December, the chilling public is beginning to feel that he had taken a cream vessel of whiteness in a misfortunate moment, confused by the glare of the advertisement, had taken the tall medicine, licked the youth returning to the baldness, of baldness. Tired of taunts, I had lost hair growing oil. And now the perverse results of steroids and other chemicals are coming out, which nobody can complain about because both the election and the glorified ones were ours.

Union minister close to RSS, Nagpuri Nitin Gadkari, has started sounding like a Satyavadi sage who said in an interview to a Marathi channel in October – “We were absolutely confident in 2014 that we would not be able to come to power so we had to make big promises.” It was told. When it comes to power, the public asks about the promises and we go ahead with a laugh. ”

There is no hope from the New Year or beyond, but after the BJP’s defeat in the assembly elections in Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh in December, a sense of relief is being felt everywhere that the killings by the rampaging mob and Ministers will not see the glorification of the killers. In the background, Amit Shah’s claim to the right hand of the Prime Minister is echoing that the BJP will rule for the next fifty years and that he will be sharing political mileage by spreading rumors capable of creating hatred for the party’s young WhatsApp warriors before the Rajasthan elections in Kota. Doing annotation

Which Appeared

There are two pictures that define the bygone year.

One day of July, Congress President Rahul Gandhi is looking at a Congress MP after eyeing (or getting hugged) Prime Minister Narendra Modi sitting in Parliament. Despite being such an opponent, Rahul did not show any kind of nonsense like showing politics of love or politics of love against the politics of hate. The message was short and clear- ‘You keep me thinking Pappu. I can tell your reality by breaking into your aura and entering your personal space.

It was a symbol of the same confidence with which Narendra Modi himself embraced leaders such as Obama, Donald Trump, Hollande, Putin, Netanyahu and Shinzo Abe, expressing that even the Prime Minister of India could treat leaders of powerful nations as equals. Modi’s stunned reaction and his absurd response to it being a symbol of Rahul’s backwardness to gain power also immediately showed that the arrow was on the right target. The Congress did not change, the opposition did not change, but after this incident, it can be seen as a hole in Modi’s aura and Rahul Gandhi’s recognition as a mature politician.

Another picture is stuck behind this picture. When Prime Minister Narendra Modi asks Chandramani, a farmer woman living in Kanharpuri, Chhattisgarh, through video conferencing, she says – “We have doubled farmers’ income.” After some time she appears telling a reporter, “If the officers from Delhi asked us to speak like this, then they said otherwise the income is very old.”

Two – the month of May, a frightened Muslim boy is glued to the chest of a sub-inspector of Uttarakhand police, Gagandeep Singh and a saffron skimmer, a mob of BJPers opposing ‘Love Jihad’ wants to drag him to death . This boy was sitting near a temple in Ramnagar with his Hindu girlfriend. Slogans were raised against the police, threats were made to his family, the sub-inspector was sent on leave.

The second aspect of this picture was seen in December in Chingrawathi town of Bulandshahr in UP, ruled by the BJP. In this picture, the torso of an Inspector Subodh Kumar Singh is hanging from a jeep, the head is buried in the ground. The inspector had gone to convince the BJP workers who were blocking the road to protest against Gaukasi. He was shot with his revolver.

Gandeep somehow saved the Muslim boy, but the raging mob killed a dutiful officer in Bulandshahr because in the twenties of so-called proselytizing incidents by the mob between these two, a very small part of civil society from a safe distance if on social media He was reprimanded with the manger but remained silent as usual for fear of wrath of power on the ground. These two officers were exceptions, otherwise, during this period, the army and police officers, who saw the edge of oil and oil, kept making fake stories in favor of the ruling dynasties of Hindutva, acting on the victims and following the law. In Kashmir, pellet gun shocks rained like showers of rain, despite claims of giving a befitting reply to terrorists, infiltrations and murders continued. Here you can see the picture of Hiba, an 18-month-old girl who lost an eye with such pellets and also that fax machine due to which the Governor, Satpal Malik, had to impose President’s rule in Jammu and Kashmir.

Heard

The public’s ears got accustomed to the noise of the ships that took many foreigners, including Lalit Modi, Vijay Mallya, Nirav Modi, Mehul Chauksi, who took billions of billions in turn and are sitting there saying the same thing. That the condition of Indian jails is not such that they can return to rot in them.

Instead of how they lambasted the government that proclaimed ‘Na khoona na khoona lenga’, it would be important to know instead that it has been contributed by some government agency officer or elder leader to drive away each of them. The management of Punjab National Bank, which has suffered the biggest eleven thousand crores, has decided that now the annual meetings of the board will start and end with the national anthem. This is the Modi-magic in which every real problem is covered by the deafening noise of the fake nationalism and the glowing glare.

High noise from these ships was also heard from the Rafale Rafale fighter aircraft bought from France and the slogan ‘Chowkidar hi chor hai’ which has caught the government in real trouble. If the dull voices of the 1,007 chartered aircraft that landed at Mumbai airport on the same day are also taken into consideration, it will be heard with the music orchestra of corruption when the guests of the world brought Mukesh Ambani’s daughter to the wedding. For the first time, a branch of the Ambani house was given permission by the government to enter into a defense deal and to increase its sinking company, the prices of Rafate Jet were increased.

The voices of the most angry and influential meitu-meitu were heard by hundreds of women who would continue to chase sexually abusive white men for a long time. Due to the courage of these women, the minister of Modi government and MJ Akbar, who has run a harem for decades in journalism, had to resign and hide in the dark. The judiciary, journalism, bureaucracy, film, art have reached all the places of spark, there is a lot going on inside, whose flames will be seen in the coming days.

This campaign against patriarchy, that is, arbitrariness of men, is going to go on for a very long time and one day, even in politics, the domination of the almighty male leaders who are seen almighty will end.

Which Smell And Smell

This year, the air of cities is poisoned not just by pollution, but also by the smell of conspiracies. Those who spread all kinds of rumors through WhatsApp by taking salaries started being called political activists. In the preservation of power throughout the country, such traps were organized in an organized manner in which innocents appearing with cow are slaughtered as cow killers, resulting in the benefits of Hindu polarization in elections.

Despite dozens of incidents of mob lynching, the fearful silence of Muslims as a community did not allow the riots to take place as before. There was no response, so the motive was also not fulfilled. This frustration went to Ayodhya for the Ram Mandir to bring an ordinance to Parliament and threaten the Supreme Court to give an early verdict.

This was most clearly felt in Sabarimala where the ruling BJP is not ready to accept the court verdict despite the right of women of menstrual age to enter the temple, but is also creating public opinion against it. Progressive women are seeing this as a conspiracy to keep themselves in a condition like lesser citizens and untouchables.

A conspiracy started on the first day of the year with a violent clash between the Dalits and Hindutvaists celebrating victory over the Brahminist Peshwai army in Koregaon-Bhima, Maharashtra, two hundred years ago by the untouchable Mahar Regiment of the British Army. . At first a funny word ‘Urban Naxal’ came into practice, then in August, many prominent human rights and social activists and journalists were arrested and detained.

Throughout the year, the CBI has been betting on the murder of Judge Loya and of saving a prominent politician who killed many in fake encounters in Gujarat, which will continue.

The reservation review, the Manusmriti replacing the Constitution and the murmur of making India a Hindu nation instead of democracy had been in the air for a long time, on which a spontaneous agitation that shocked the Dalits this year was blown away. The Supreme Court, by giving a verdict, looted many provisions for filing a case and arrest under the Scheduled Caste / Tribe Atrocities Prevention Act-1989. Without the call and participation of any political party, social organizations of Dalits and newly formed youth groups successfully closed India on April 2 using social media and the government had to overturn the court’s decision by bringing amendments to Parliament.

Not only this happened, RSS chief Mohan Bhagwat had to declare for the first time in September to fully accept the constitution. The old leadership of the Dalits has fallen prey to opportunistic electoral politics, but on several occasions this year, their spontaneous actions have given a strong indication that a new kind of social consciousness is brewing within them that new leadership can also emerge in future.

Taste And Touch

The industrious money and management skills of the industrialists came out of the minds of the learned mercenaries, the successful marketing strategies to reshape the public and create an image of a resentful government with two below average ability not only to the top of power but also myth and legend. Got close to being. The problem was that with one hand the profit-centricity – modern corporate and ancient Varnashrami with the other was impossible to balance the Hindutva, could not manage, was blown away.

In order to realize his original fantasies of making India a ‘super power’ through bullet trains, digital India, demonetisation, GST, Make in India, fifteen lakhs of black money to every man’s account and word-expansion He did it in front.

It has also been proved that the rights of democracy, facilities from science and technology, new habits and lifestyles from facilities cannot be fought by taking the Hindu beyond more than a limit to contest the questions of religion, caste and culture of history. The real opposition of the BJP-RSS is not the secular parties. So they are now falling from the height of fierce Hindu-pride created by marketing and branding and to realize it is to know the touch of their time.

After mixing chili and spices in its time, media is the name of modern kitchen serving on TV, newspaper and mobile screens. The mental, physical sensations that occur while not eating the dishes of this media are the taste of our time. Most of the mainstream media is currently engaged in winning the 2019 general election, teaching false history and inciting hatred towards Muslims in sensational constructive ways and for that a word ‘dock media’ has come into vogue .

Domesticating the media is a costly deal, so the far-right RSS-BJP has given the desired results through indigenous IT cell, in cottage industry style, at low cost.

Fictional videos, rumors, and information designed to discredit opponents, have set up a factory to produce huge amounts of stories.

In the coming days, with the availability of artificial intelligence technology, this factory is also going to set up other political parties, which will increase confusion with the competition, it will become more difficult to distinguish truth and falsehood from now. The common man will be doomed to dwell in the midst of lies and rumors. Only spices will be left, it will become difficult to feel the taste of your time. This is a big challenge which is going to come up soon in a macabre form.

And finally:

To understand what the rest of the world was doing, Jamal Khashogi, a journalist based in the US, was summoned inside his embassy at the behest of Saudi Arabia’s Prince Mohammed bin Salman, and sacked. In response to this, liberalism-democracy-human rights-freedom of the press-rule of law, etc., the world’s most powerful leader, Donald Trump, should be considered what he said. Trump holds the nationalist chola – “I have persuaded the King of Saudi Arabia to invest a record 450 billion dollars in America. It will provide employment, economic growth and prosperity to thousands of Americans. Saudi Arabia is the largest oil producing country Is there, the king of mine agrees to keep the oil prices at a reasonable rate at my request. I want to harm the American interests in this dangerous world. The’m your defense. This is called a policy of “America First” in a nutshell. ”

And it also said, “This whole world is immoral and therefore the whole world is responsible for the circumstances that led to the killing of Khashoggi”.

In this way, you were also responsible for the murder whose poor Donald Trump could not do justice because American nationalism could be in danger.

A Very Happy New Year.

 

Akhtarinama: Life and music darken the journey

It was Begum Akhtar, whose upbringing was neatly sculpted by Mushtarbai. It was Begum, whom Mushtarbai brought to the cinema, when Gauharjan Karnatki’s films used to speak and raise the heads of the people and made Adani Si Akhtari stand against them. Mushtarbai, whom the whole house used to call ‘big saab’ – sat on the balcony of the house and kept an eye on every visitor who came to meet Akhtari and who went? It was Begum Akhtar, who moved from Gaya to Calcutta because of the promotion of Mushtari, so that Parsis could work in the theater and later go to Bombay to make their mark in cinema.

In this entire episode, one thing is very clear that all the important women who have been recognized as the early representatives of Indian cinema and classical music – most of their success is attributed to their mothers, who in their time were towards daughters. The rebels could not move forward, but the desire to see their own life in the golden light never shied.

From here the context of understanding Begum Akhtar moves forward. Born on October 7, 1914, in Bhadarsa town of Faizabad district, Akhtaribai Faizabadi’s initial introduction was that she was the younger daughter of Faizabad’s well-known tawaif Mushtarbai and lawyer Asghar Hussain. Asghar Hussain was so fond of Mushtaribai that he made Mushtari his second wife. It is another matter that in the little girl Bibbi (the name of Akhtaribai’s childhood), she was present since her childhood, which was gradually transformed into a different adult and sensible Akhtari by the circumstances.

Rising Amidst The Challenges

His poor economic condition of childhood drove him to Calcutta around 1920. One of its successes was that Mushtaribai handed him over to Ustad Ata Muhammad Khan of the Patiala gharana to dress up in traditional classical music. Akhtari was never able to sing with full heart after learning from the dry and serious singing of Maestro, but remained close to him and perfected in Ghazal, Thumri and Dadra. At that time, the pain of not being able to learn Khayal properly in childhood inspired him to learn Khayal again and this time, he was very keen to learn the specifics of Khayal from the kirana stalwart Ustad Abdul Wahid Khan.

This time Akhtari was more intelligent and more serious. Now he had a childhood as before and he knew very well that Khayal was insensitive to his family in performing in front of the public without knowing the minutest depth of singing. She grew up learning Khyal, Thumri, Dadra and Ghazal and the artist inside her was enriched in terms of language and dialect by listening to the tinkling words of Purbia, Awadhi, Bhojpuri, Hindi and Urdu.

You can easily examine here how the organ of the East and the color of the Ganga-Jamuni Tehzeeb of Uttar Pradesh is uniquely scaled in the singing of Begum Akhtar. The use of Urdu words with despatches is another great strength of Begum Akhtar’s singing, which makes her dominance in her contemporaries differently.

It was the effect of Akhtaribai’s upbringing, her sophistication and training in different cities at a young age in different ways that in later days, when she was in the most delicate and beautiful era both in terms of her music and age, India Most of the Nawabs and Raja Maharajas made him a singer in their court from time to time. Begum Akhtar, who had been a court singer in the Nawabs of Hyderabad, Bhopal and Rampur and the court houses of Kashmir and Ayodhya, was always counted among the big singers.

Begum Akhtar made her mark in the presence of her predecessor and contemporary singers especially Anjanebai Malpekar, Kesarbai Kerkar, Moghubai Kurdikar and Siddheshwari Devi. So much ardor about learning and unmatched desire to get something new, he has been rewarded with many songs. For example, a dadra – ‘Main to tere Damanwa lagi maharaj’, heard from Anjani Bai Malpekar, older than his age and almost 90 years old, of Bhendi Bazar gharana, he learned after almost following him. In this way, it would seem that even though she lived in a house, she was not completely a family.

Begum Sahiba, who was like a fan behind Unmukt, Swachhand and skill, did everything she liked. He wanted to get everything, who is afraid of having great masters too. Akhtaribai Faizabadi, who learned something by going to many rates, was also amazing that she used to save her type of Begum Akhtar in some corner somewhere by drowning in it completely. In this context, it is worth recounting an interesting memoir of Ustad Bismillah Khan, Khan saheb formate – “Begum Akhtar had a strange sore on her neck. Whom they say ‘Aqar ki taan’, when they are ‘A’, their throat gets torn, and that was their quality. But in Shastraya music, that defect is considered. Once we said, ‘Say something, tell me something.’ She said, “What am I to say, tell me.” We said anything. Begum started singing, “Nirala Banra Deewana Bana De”. After saying one time, two times, when she got her throat slammed in Deewana Ban De, we said, “Aha, this is sitam hai teri awaaz ka.” At the time of the tigun, the hoist was thick, the same was amazing in Begum Akhtar. ”

The throat becomes acute by distorting the pure vowels in a special situation, or it breaks in the normal sense while taking the tones, mints, and gum – in the art of Begum Akhtar.

Used to make rude changes. People used to sit for hours just waiting for that moment, not knowing when that moment would come.

Historian Salim Kidwai explains that “no one knew exactly when the audience would feel that situation in the payment of Begum Akhtar, but it is certain that no such Jatan Begum did it on purpose.” The special speculation was natural and almost unpredictable – perhaps that is why from that time till today, listening to Begum’s ghazals, the young generation of that unexpected squid Mr. Collier is apparently settled. This deformity found by nature has become the decoration of Begum Akhtar’s singing. Then, whether one wants to make ‘crazy’ or ‘make it crazy’, one will feel, whether one speaks softly, one will listen and hear rants like ‘Hamari Atariya Pe Aao Sanwariya’; Everything was completely unique in his style, which was not possible to copy.

Music has always been a part of enlightened society. Despite having gained recognition and superiority in Indian classical singing, there is a tradition of escaping by saying ‘pakka song’. For those who have been listening to music for their fun, classical singing has always been a matter of curiosity. But the recognition of those people who have been thinking so much about Begum Akhtar has also been amazingly respectful and complimentary.

It may also happen that just as the life of Begum Akhtar is made and decorated with all the cross-sloping lines and a lot of sad colors, a listener gets a little extra space for movement. Being the daughter of a bai, then acting in cinema, then gradually gaining centrality in the ecclesiastical music society and doing the right thing by exposing her luxurious life and food – all this together Begum Akhtar To turn it into a wonder object. The singing of Begum Akhtar, who used to get up in her own age by smoking cigarettes and alcohol, is also being heard, seen and practiced till date for this reason, both with great surprise and some skepticism. In this, listeners and fans were also always allowed to decide how much their own favorite singer’s misery is and how far to go.

Begum Akhtar’s singing, caught in the conflict between this familiarity and innocence, has always been a curiosity among the new listeners. It is the opinion of all those Kadradans that when Begum Akhtar used to sing a ghazal, the entire festival would have a magical effect. During 60-70, which is also the peak period of the Begum, it was quite amazing to hear such a famous ghazal singer. It was difficult for those listeners to decide how much Akhtaribai’s voice was connected to the ground while singing and how much myth. How much height can be provided to moments like sorrow, tears, pain, love, pain, rebellion, adornment – for this matter their ghazals should be investigated afresh.

How does the pain of common life in singing sing the classical dignity Akhtiyar – Begum Akhtar was an example of this. Here, there is no hesitation in saying that the era in which his contemporary singer singers played the melody of ‘pakka-gana’ by their amazing fun, at the time, in the spirit of their emotions, was bounded by the restrictions of serious literary Urdu words. Meer, Ghalib, Momin, singing the ghazals of Daag, on the other hand, contemporary and new poets Kaifi Azmi, Shakeel Badauni, Jigar Muradabadi, Sudarshan Faqir With sector, Begum Akhtar were way ahead of their contemporary vocalists. The practical aspect of the particular rhythm or sound of music which is often practiced by the music, its practical aspect was clear from their singing.

A Subtle Art

To understand the art of a lifeless singer like Begum Akhtar, we must also look behind the chickens lying on the closed corridors of her life, out of which a great funk has been achieved by Awadh. Long before Akhtaribai became Begum Akhtar, Lucknow has been filled with history of well-known people in the world of music in many ways. In these, we can mainly take the names of Nawab Wazid Ali Shah, Bindadin Maharaj, Achchan Maharaj etc.

How Akhtaribai was thinking progressively in the early stages of her life and had the ability to walk together step by step in the new age, this can be understood by her one decision. This incident dates back to 1938 AD, as well as an important year in his life. At a time when most of the singers and tawaifs maintained their whereabouts (which we can call ‘kotha’) in the old Nakkhas and Chowk areas of old Lucknow, Akhtaribai would become the first such female figure to be known in the history of music, Who broke this old ritual in one stroke. He preferred to go straight from the infamous streets of the Chowk to a modern settlement like Hazratganj of New Lucknow and live among the ‘Shurafa’ (nobility).

In 1938 he built his kotha ‘Akhtar-Manzil’ near Zahoor Bakhsh Church, in Lal Bagh, Hazratganj. Now, you see that like the rest of the tawaifs, she did not go to the chowk to settle. He differentiated himself from the rest of the singers. He also separated himself from the lewd movement, which used to hold the reputation of a few notorious settlements. In this time, he came to such a place and put his music and music, where the people of Sharif houses could easily come.

Where ‘Akhtar Manzil’ was built; His background was that on one side there was the famous Ibadhatgah Zahoor Bakhsh Church, on the other side this Kotha where

Geerabad used to fall just behind the Palace. The house of Chaudhary Rashiduddin Ashraf, the talukedar of Karkha, who was the brother-in-law of Jahangirabad, also used to be next to the ‘Akhtar Manzil’. Now, coming to such a neighborhood, any Sharifzada could easily come to the residence of Akhtaribai. There, no one could raise a finger on him, ‘Hey Mian, what were you doing there at that time?’ If this place falls on a street or crossroads in Old Lucknow, then the fans of Begum’s music, from the upper and the elite They belonged, could not go there even if they wanted to.

Discussion of this episode of Begum Akhtar is necessary to understand this historical fact that before or after 1938 till date, no tawaif could settle in the area of ​​Hazratganj. Far from building a shelter, could not even think like this. Incidentally, it is also important to know that once again around 1945, he built his second house on Havelock Road. This time also gave him ‘Akhtar-Manzil’.

 

India stands on the threshold of cluttered general elections due to the demonization of fake news

During the campaigning of the last US presidential election, a ‘news’ created a rage among the voters. On an unknown website, the first thing was shared that Pope Francis has supported Donald Trump, the Republican candidate. The news was written in such a reliable way that people felt that it has happened. More than 10 lakh people shared and liked this news on Facebook.

This news was not on any established media platform. But during the election, the information or disinformation that was seen and carried forward by the people, was the news. This happened when it was clearly said to the Pope and the Vatican that the Pope does not support or oppose any political party or candidate.

There is no information about the people who run this fake news website. This website is now closed. This site clearly writes in its about us that it is a satire or satirical website. Despite this, people trusted this misinformation and brought it to each other. Another such news became very viral that Clinton sold weapons to IS.

Buzzfeed studied the most read 20 news and 20 fake news during the US elections and said that 20 news reports on fake or biased websites got more than 8.7 million likes, shares, comments and reactions on Facebook, while the news established during that time The most read 20 news stories of websites got 73 lakh shares, likes, comments and reactions. It is interesting that out of these 20 fake news, there are 17 that were written in favor of Trump, while there are only 3 that tried to benefit Clinton.

This is a matter of 2016 and it all happened in America far away from India. A similar flood of fake news has also come in Britain. When a referendum was held in Britain about whether to stay in the European Union or leave. It is also known as Brexit.

The most worrying thing was found in ‘Fake News’ which came during the US elections and the Bracket that the source of many of these were outside these countries. In the US elections, the work of running and viraling fake news was being done from Macedonia and Russia. Sources of many fake news were found in Russia even during the breakthrough. Such role of another country in elections puts the whole idea of ​​democracy at risk because information and news have a big role in forming people’s opinion during elections. Many researches have been done in this world and the role of media in agenda setting has also become a theory.

Information, Rumor, Falsehood and Public Opinion

Actually this time is the time of ‘information disorder’ across the world. By ‘information disorder’, there is an increase in the incidence of creation, production and distribution of fake news. It has emerged as a global problem. The seriousness of this problem is further increased when an external country tries to influence the election issues of one country through the internet / social media. Russia’s intervention in the 2016 US elections is one example of this. At the same time, the news of fake news during the time of the Brajjit affected people’s voting continuously. There are concerns about UNESCO to the European Union.

In Britain, the House of Commons has done a study of this and the House Committee has said in its report that strict rules need to be made to stop ‘fake news’. Not only this, media institutions like BBC etc. are also taking initiative to counter misinformation.

In place of fake news, many organizations are using words like ‘Miss Information’, ‘Disinformation’, Information-Disorder or ‘Malinformation’. The main reason for this is the use of the term ‘fake news’ in a political way. The term fake news was used indiscriminately by US President Donald Trump.

Whatever news the Donald Trump dislikes or is displeased with any media institution, they call it fake news. They have said this so many times that now the word fake news has lost its meaning. Therefore, in the coming days, those who want to oppose fake news, they have to use another word instead of fake news.

There are 3 main stages or stages of fake news:

Source / Creator- Fake news can also be sponsored by the government, any political party can also build it, religion contractors can also do it. Even those who earn money just by making the news viral can also create fake news.

Production- The idea of ​​fake news may be someone else is giving, but the picture or word that gives them the form of video, that is, the content they are preparing, is the stage of production.

Distribution – Now comes the stage to spread fake news. Fake news is spread in many cases by the same people who make it. It may also play the role of machine identita bot. But this is not always necessary. Maybe some political or religious group should give money to people and spread fake news through them. That is, the source and distributor can be one and also different. Fake news also spreads to the general public. This work happens knowingly and unknowingly. Deliberately spread people who are associated with a particular ideology. Unknowingly, those who spread it do not know that it is fake.

Since India is now going through the era of information revolution, and more than 500 million people are in the internet, then the danger of this is real that there may be an attempt to influence elections in India also through fake news. Its risk in India is also high because unlike western countries, educated people are less in India. Internet literacy from the top is very low here. Those who have become literate, ie those who can sign their own or those who are illiterate, can also forward the message on their WhatsApp, which can be fake news. People unable to read text can also be affected by videos and photos.

In Indian elections, fake news or ‘disinformation’ can take the form of a big problem.

 

Why is Kashmiri Pandits so angry with BJP?

“The Kashmiri Pandit and the Ram temple are an issue for the BJP. BJP people do nothing for both, just create ruckus. When not in power, we are our biggest benefactors, but forget us as soon as you come to power, ”says Sanjay Raina, who lives in Pandit Colony in Sheikhpura, Srinagar.

Sanjay Raina is one of those Kashmiri Pandits whose family left their homes and left Kashmir during the violence. But he has returned to Kashmir after getting a job under the Prime Minister’s Package during the UPA government.

Sanjay, who was the president of Pandit Colony of Sheikhpura, expressed his displeasure with the BJP and says, “Now see, Lok Sabha elections are near, they have remembered the Ram temple. Kashmiri Pandits will also be remembered in a few days. The central government is to complete five years. The BJP remained in power in Jammu and Kashmir as an ally for almost three years, but did nothing for us (Kashmiri Pandits). Whatever the UPA government had done, this government also did not carry forward. ”

Reason for displeasure with Modi government

Srinagar is bathed in whitewash due to continuous snowfall. People are troubled by cold. After the mild sunshine, some children were found playing with snow at the gate of Pandit Colony of Sheikhpura. Some Muslim boys and girls are also among the children. A guard is present at the gate of Pandit Colony. There are many shops next to the guard room.

Sunny Bhatt (who has been changed due to being a government employee) arrived at one of these shops to fetch milk, saying that we had high hopes from the BJP government. We thought that if the BJP came to power, then the days of Kashmiri Pandits would return. But even today, we are forced to live under the shadow of fear. The jobs that were to be got under the Prime Minister package have not been completed even ten years after the release of the package. The real issue was our permanent rehabilitation, it did not happen. Rather, the real name of where we live is ‘Traffic Camp’. As long as there is a job, we are in this government colony. The government can also expel us from this place after the job is over.

Actor Anupam Kher, who has repeatedly praised PM Narendra Modi, also criticized the Modi government for ignoring the Kashmiri Pandits. Anupam Kher had said, “The government should have come to anyone in the country, but if any community has been ignored, they are Kashmiri Pandits. The Modi government also did nothing for the Kashmiri Pandits. ”Anupam Kher has been speaking on the plight of Kashmiri Pandits for a long time.

What was the PM package?

When Manmohan Singh was Prime Minister during UPA-1, the government announced a package for the rehabilitation of Kashmiri Pandits in 2008-09. The purpose of this package was to re-settle the Kashmiri Pandits who were homeless and left behind everything in Kashmir during the violence. Under this, apart from giving him a job, his stay was also arranged. About Rs 1,600 crore was provisioned by the central government at that time under the scheme.

With this step of the UPA government, the hopes of Kashmiri Pandits returning to the valley once again became stronger. But if we look at the data of Kashmiri Pandits, local people and government’s PM package, it can be said that till date nominal Kashmiri Pandits have been rehabilitated in the valley.

The PM package promised to provide jobs to the youth, but today, when almost 10 years have passed since the release of the PM package, the youth have not been able to get jobs. For which there are demonstrations on the day.

Commissioner of Relief and Rehabilitation (Migrants) Department of Kashmir Government, Farooq Ahmad Shah told Newslaundry that Kashmiri Pandits, Sikhs and Muslims who left Kashmir due to violence have been given jobs under the Prime Minister’s Package. In the first year 2008-09, 3,000 jobs were created under this scheme. In this, three thousand people were selected by the year 2014. Appointment was also given to most people. Some also had a dispute in the court which ended in 2017.

Farooq Ahmad Shah further says, the government again announced 3,000 jobs in 2015. We were working fast on this. About fifteen hundred people were also selected. But then the people of the Sikh community went to the High Court and this entire process was stayed. We hope that once the stay is removed, the process of appointing people will start.

Sikh community resentment and high court ban

The Sikh community in Kashmir is demanding minority status for itself. A Sikh leader associated with the BJP says on the condition of anonymity, “Pandits as well as people from the Sikh community were also targeted in the valley during the violence. Many Sikhs were killed. Hundreds of Sikh families were also among those who left the valley. But some families still exist in the valley. We are a minority here, but we do not get any benefit from any government scheme. ”

He says, “When the Manmohan Singh government announced the PM package, it was only for the Pandits. We are also suffering. Even today the Sikh community lives here under the shadow of fear. Recently a sarpanch named Sarman Jeet Singh was killed. His mistake was that he did not boycott the election. Participated in elections and won. ”

When the Sikh community did not get any benefit, they reached the court to get a share in the PM package. Hearing the petition filed on behalf of the community, the High Court in December 2017 has directed to ban any appointment under the special package of the Prime Minister.

On the High Court stay, Mir Javed Mustafa, who was the Minister of Disaster Management, Relief and Rehabilitation in the BJP and PDP governments, says that the people of the Sikh community here said that we should also bring this package inside. Stayed on that foundation. After talking to the Sikh community, we wrote to the Central Government that they should also be given something in the package. By then we only did the government.

Movement for PM package

There have been many agitations to implement the PM package. Young Kashmiri Pandits living in Delhi had agitated outside Raj Bhavan recently. There was a demand of the agitating youth that they should be given jobs as soon as possible.

Ashwini Kumar Charangu, head of Panun Kashmir, an organization fighting for the rights of Kashmiri Pandits, tells Newslaundry, “We had expectations from this government more than other governments. Can not say that the Modi government did nothing for the Kashmiri Pandits. This government has increased the pension of Rs 6600 per month to displaced Kashmiri families to Rs 10,000. ”

Ashwini Kumar Charangu further adds, “But we have not got jobs yet. On the other hand, for years our demand is that those responsible for the massacre of Kashmiri Pandits should be punished. Who killed the Kashmiri Pandits is well known. But so far no one has been sentenced in this case. It would not have happened in the history of the world that so many people have been killed, but no one is responsible for it. ”

 

Why was the 56-inch Lokpal not able to be brought in five years?

A major reason behind the BJP’s bumper victory at the Center in 2014 was Anna Hazare’s anti-corruption movement in Delhi since 2011 and the demand for the establishment of a strong Lokpal. The BJP’s success in converting political anger into the political capital that Arvind Qajriwal and Anna Hazare had pledged against the then UPA government came in the 2014 general elections.

On page number 18 of the BJP’s manifesto released before the 2014 general elections, it is mentioned that in the event of winning, the country will get ‘open government and accountable administration’. It has been written that the BJP will set up an effective Lokpal institution. Corruption of every level will be dealt with strictly and with speed.

Now Narendra Modi’s government is at the last stage of its tenure. Narendra Modi and Amit Shah have already started campaigning for the upcoming Lok Sabha elections. But till now the Lokpal is like that flower of the Burans for the country, which no one has seen till date.

 

Vipul Mudgal, director of Common Cause, an organization fighting for the Lokpal, says that the Narendra Modi government has never been serious about giving the country a strong Lokpal. After coming to the government, they kept searching for excuses for the Lokpal not being implemented. When hearing the petition filed by the Common Cause, the Supreme Court last year ordered the Central Government to set up a search committee to appoint the Lokpal. After that, on September 28, 2018, the Central Government formed the Lokpal Search Committee of eight members, that is, after the term of the Modi government was nearly four and a half years, that too after the rebuke of the Supreme Court.

Change In The Intention

Lokpal search committee was formed under the chairmanship of former Supreme Court Justice Ranjana Prakash Desai. The remaining members are Arundhati Bhattacharya, former chairman of SBI, A. Surya Prakash, president of Prasar Bharati, Sakharam Singh Yadav, former Justice of Allahabad High Court, ISRO chief AS Kiran Kumar, former Gujarat police chief Shabbir Hussain S. Khandwawala, retired IAS Lalit K. Pawar. And Ranjit Kumar.

It is not that after forming the search committee, there has been a change in the intention of the government and it has become conscious about the Lokpal. It has been almost four months since the Lokpal search committee was formed, but so far all the members of the committee have not been able to meet officially even once. Former Allahabad High Court Justice Sakharam Singh Yadav, a member of the search committee, told Newslaundry,

“The committee members have never met together yet. It has been discussed on the phone a few times. But there is no official committee meeting yet. There is no discussion on the name of anyone for the Lokpal yet, maybe we are going to meet soon. ”

Obviously, the government has formed the committee under the pressure of the court, but its intention regarding the appointment of Lokpal is not clear at all. Not having even an official meeting in four months proves this. The 2019 Lok Sabha elections will be announced in the next one month, after which the future of this committee will automatically fall into uncertainty.

Another senior member of the Lokpal search committee tells Newslaundry on the condition of keeping his name a secret, “Whenever the government makes a committee or commission, some members of the staff provide space for them to work. But we have not been provided any place or people yet. Because of this we have never met together. However, former Justice Ranjana Desai mentioned meeting soon in the conversation held recently. ”

Not only the committee members, but also Attorney General KK Venugopal, who appeared on behalf of the government in the Supreme Court, had said recently that the committee does not have the necessary infrastructure and human resources. Due to this, the search committee is unable to work on the selection of Lokpal. After this, a bench headed by Supreme Court Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi ordered the central government to provide necessary facilities to the search committee.

When senior advocate Prashant Bhushan, appearing for the Common Cause Society in the Supreme Court questioned the work of the search committee, Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi advised him to be positive.

Prashant Bhushan also questions the way the Lokpal search committee works. He says, “No one knows what the search committee is doing. There should be transparency on what the committee is deciding. The scale of choosing Lokpal should also be known.

Talking to Prashant Bhushan Newslaundry, he says that the intention of the Modi government is clear that he does not want to make Lokpal. After coming to the government, he deliberately kept avoiding the appointment of Lokpal. After our efforts, when the Supreme Court issued a notice, then a search committee was formed.

Formation Of The Search Committee

Prashant Bhushan further says, “It has been four months since the search committee was formed, but they have not met yet. It is being said that no room has been given to the search committee, no people have been given all this to the government. The way the government is adopting a lax attitude towards the Lokpal for the last five years, it is clear that the government does not intend to bring a strong Lokpal. ”

A member of Lokpal search committee absorbed in Modi-BJP devotion

The Facebook profile of Sakharam Singh Yadav, a member of the search committee to select the Lokpal, which will be the largest institution to investigate corruption of people in political positions, is full of praise of the Modi government and the praise of the BJP.

Sakharam Singh Yadav has shared the video of a Facebook page named Yogi Adityanath on January 11 this year, on which it is written – “Those who oppose Modiji’s foreign visits must see this video, this is Modi ji Amazing, proudly share every Namo supporter. ”

 

Minimum Income Guarantee Scheme: Jumla or Reality

Rukum Pal, who lived in Delhi’s Sheikh Sarai area, having spent a lot of time trying to get old age pension for three years, is not getting the benefit of the government pension scheme announced in the name of social security. The 63-year-old suffers from asthma and his children do not keep him with them. He lives with his wife on a monthly income of one and a half to two thousand rupees.

By the way, how much difference did a pension scheme of 200 rupees make for people like Rukam Pal? But when we told them that if the government gives benefits of the minimum income guarantee scheme, then how did they feel that they could benefit from it.

In Chhattisgarh, Congress President Rahul Gandhi announced on Monday that he will implement the Minimum Income Guarantee Scheme if his party comes to power. In fact, the scheme is mentioned in the Economic Survey 2016-17 and Arvind Subramanian, the then Prime Minister’s Economic Advisor, described it as an “attractive” scheme and predicted that the plan would form part of the election manifesto. So has the Congress taken this plan before the BJP’s announcement and will the scheme become a weapon to woo voters after farmer loans and better minimum support price?

Shamsher, 42, living in South Delhi, has been unemployed for the past one year. He used to work in a Noida company which has shut down. He is currently alive to help his relatives. They too feel that a scheme like minimum income guarantee will work like a safety valve. It is the suffering of people like Rukum and Shamsher, due to which the Congress party and its supporters are promoting Rahul Gandhi’s announcement as ‘First Mover Advantage’ before the election. However, right now Rahul Gandhi has talked about giving this guarantee only for the poor. It is not known whether he is talking about the rural people or the urban poor.

Feasibility Of The Scheme

Many more questions are associated with this, for example, what will be the basis of deciding the number of poor because many scales of poverty line have been fixed. Apart from this, how much minimum income will be fixed. Until there is no information about numbers and income, it is not possible to find out how much the financial burden of this scheme will be.

It is true that economists from both streams, who are capitalist-minded or left-minded, consider the Minimum Income Guarantee Scheme a good scheme. While the advocates of capitalism feel that this will reduce the subsidies of “waste”, the left economists say that by securing a minimum income, the feeling of social security will increase and the poor will be left with options to do more.

Since the idea of ​​this scheme in the Economic Survey of 2016-17, it is also being told that how many countries of the world are adopting this experiment. Finland, for example, is said to be the “first country to implement a minimum income guarantee” while the fact is that Finland is a much smaller country than India. While India has a population of 130 crore, Finland has a population of less than 6 million. The per capita income in India is less than 1.25 lakhs whereas in Finland the per capita income is more than 32 lakh rupees. Despite this, the “successful minimum income guarantee project” of this country has been limited to only 2000 people, which would be meaningless to compare with a large country like India.

The real challenge is how to collect money for such a big scheme. It is estimated that if 3.5 percent of GDP is spent for minimum income guarantee, then it will be equal to three times of India’s health budget and 10 times of rural employment guarantee scheme.

The Delhi-based National Institute of Public Finance and Policy (NIPFP) studied the data on essential and non-essential subsidies a few years ago and released a report. The economists Sudipto Mandal and S. Sikdar who created this report considered subsidies of facilities like cheap food (PDS), education and water as essential (merit subsidy) and exemptions in fertilizer, petroleum products and LPG as non-essential subsidy (non-merit subsidy) . The study of data from 1987-88 to 2011-12 shows that the expenditure on essential subsidy has increased and the non-essential subsidy has been cut.

What Are The Recommendations?

Economist Pranab Bardhan has calculated on the basis of these figures that up to 10 percent of GDP can be spent on the minimum income scheme by cutting the non-essential subsidy. Bardhan recommends a minimum income of Rs 10 thousand per person per year for this. This amount is less than 1000 rupees a month, but Ashok Kumar, working for social security among the poor living in the slums of Delhi, says that the problem of unemployment and frustration is that even if you get that much money then many people It will be a silver lining for us.

“There is also a lot of running ghost’s diapers. If the poor get some relief in the electoral pulls of BJP, Congress and Aam Aadmi Party, then what is the harm from this, ”says Ashok.

Economist Jean Dreze refused to talk in the context of Rahul Gandhi’s statement, but said that the time has not yet come in a country like India for schemes like minimum income guarantee. In one of his articles, Dreze calls the advocacy of this scheme as “premature articulation”. For this, he cites the economic survey of the government itself, which states, “If not for implementation, then the time has come to consider (minimum income scheme).” While advising caution in this matter Questions are raised in which schemes and how much will the government cut while implementing the minimum income guarantee.

Economic expert of NIPFP, Suyash Rai, says that in addition to cutting the non-essential subsidy, some such subsidies have to be stopped which are given not only to the poor but to the rich. Rai gives an example of exemption available under LPG for this. Here the question arises that will the government buy the middle class resentment to please the poor? Suyyash Rai practically considers the minimum income of Rs 1000 to 1500 per month as correct. They estimate that the government will have to give this benefit to about 10 crore adults.

Accordingly, the government needs a minimum amount of 1.2 lakh crore to 1.8 crore every year for this. Another challenge may be to align spending with the central government and the states. If the government is able to bear this cost with the existing subsidies and social sector schemes, then this announcement is practical or else it will also be called an election jumla.