In western Uttar Pradesh, also known as Jatland, there are often reports of suppression of girls. Sometimes a decree of Khap Panchayat in which girls are banned from wearing jeans and keeping mobiles. Meanwhile, under the pressure of Honor Killing, social prestige and localism, the news of killing girls becomes headlines. In the media, a debate starts from this very black and white perspective in which a negative picture is formed. A society where the burden of restrictions on girls increases day by day. As a result, his life is terrible. Sitting in Delhi on their studies, progress, people continue to debate endlessly.
But if we get out from Delhi just a hundred kilometers away, then a different picture comes out. This is a reality that is beyond the imaginary assumptions made by sitting in Delhi. The pace of change in this area is very fast. A lot has changed, something is changing. Social thinking, self-confidence of girls, their courage and thinking of doing anything other than getting married in life.
Here we take a look at the issue of education of girls of western Uttar Pradesh. The girls of Jatland are studying and have left so much boys behind. The reality is that in the race to get higher education here, girls are taking admission in university in greater numbers than boys.
A Giant University
Meerut and Saharanpur divisions of western Uttar Pradesh have a total of nine districts. Hapur, Meerut, Baghpat, Bulandshahr, Ghaziabad and Gautam Buddha Nagar in Meerut. Similarly, Shamli, Muzaffarnagar and Saharanpur districts in Saharanpur division. The largest university for students in these nine districts is Chaudhary Charan Singh University, Meerut. Currently admission is going on for the academic session 2018-19. If you look at the figures till July 13, the girls are miles ahead of the boys there. In most courses, their numbers are ahead of boys and in some places they are on two-thirds part.
According to the university’s statistics, in addition to the main campus, the nine district colleges which are affiliated to this university have lost boys in the undergraduate and postgraduate first year courses. Girls are ahead in all the courses and at some places they have reached close to two thirds. According to the admission portal of the university, BA, BCom, BSc Bio, girls are showing dominance in every stream.
If we see the admission status in nine districts of Meerut and Saharanpur division, then 1.22 lakh seats are still vacant but these are under self-finance. The seats of the financially aided and government college have become full on July 13.
There are 1,32,894 seats of undergraduates in these nine districts on which 59,580 admissions have been done including 35,849 girls and 23,730 students. About 67% of the students have taken admission. This is when the admission process of the first round is over.
There are 12,750 seats in BSC Bio, in which 5,609 have been admitted, out of which girls are 4,002 while boys are only 1,606 i.e. 71.34% are girls. That means two thirds.
Similarly, BA has a total of 74,461 seats with 33,956 admissions out of which 22,289 are girls and 11,667 students i.e. 66% are girls.
There are 28,460 seats in BCom, on which 11,489 admissions have been done, in which 6,346 students and 5,123 students. BCom is considered as a field of boys.
On the other hand, in the postgraduate course (MA, MSc, M Com), the conditions are more or less the same. There are 21,445 seats of postgraduate in the university, in which 5,701 have been admitted. There are 4,350 girls in it i.e. 76.30%. The most shocking thing is that about 67% of the girls are undergraduates, that is, girls in higher education are going ahead very fast.
In view of these figures, a natural question arises in the mind that how are the reasons for the rise of girls’ education in this area, which is notorious for women’s safety? The answer lies in many layers.
For a long time, the number of girls has been better in schools and colleges than boys. Passing percentage is also higher for girls. There are about 13 college girls as girls’ colleges. At the same time girls in Coed College have 20% horizontal reservation. In total 66 colleges, 50 colleges are financially supported by the government while 16 are government colleges. Apart from this, around 1,000 private colleges are affiliated with the university. In these private colleges, there are colleges at the countryside level and self-finance courses are run in them, due to which girls are getting admitted in large numbers there. There is an increase in the number of girls from village to countryside.
But the biggest reason is the awareness among girls about education. These figures indicate a major change. According to the National Family Health Survey-4, the situation in Uttar Pradesh is not very satisfactory in the field of women’s education and health. Only 56.2% of the rural women (15-49 years) are literate and among them only 27.44% are women who have gone to school for ten years.
Now if we do this as an example, according to the 2011 Census of Population Department, at the literacy rate of Meerut, then the literacy rate of rural women is 59.4% while in urban areas it is 68.2%. While the total literacy rate of Meerut is 72.8%. While the total literacy rate of women is 64%. In contrast, the literacy of women across the state
The rate is 61%. Huh. That is, all these figures are more than the state figures.
Dr. Tarushikha Sarvesh, Assistant Professor, Department of Women’s Studies at Aligarh Muslim University, who has done a lot of research on the social structure of Western Uttar Pradesh, especially the structure and functioning of Khap Panchayats, says that there has always been this awareness in the Western region. She says, “Chaudhary Mahendra Singh Tikait, the founder of the Bharatiya Kisan Union, himself used to say that the boys of Jats will no longer be able to set up shop and the girls will move forward. The Khap’s Chaudhary also promotes the education of girls there. Girls take out a rally in education For awareness of. Now the perception is becoming common that boys are neither studying properly nor are able to do farming. Now people tell there proudly Persons are becoming our women doctors, engineers and growing up. ”
Kuldeep Ujjwal was the President of the Students’ Union at Meerut University in 2005. According to Kuldeep, there has been a big difference in girls. He has courage and self-confidence in him. Earlier, people used to teach them only because the marriage was fine. Now she wants to study herself, wants to work. Kuldeep further states that now girls from the west are primary teachers in remote districts of Purvanchal. She lives there, without fear and teaches. It was not possible ten years ago in our times.
Going With The Trend
Due to the trend towards studies in girls, they have demolished many forts of boys. As Kuldeep says, earlier, most of the boys were studying commerce and there were few girls. Today the number of girls is more than boys. Another reason behind this change is the Activa Scooter. “Now the problem of movement of girls has reduced. Activa picked up and walked, it is a big factor,” Kuldeep told.
Dr. Anshu is an assistant professor of English at Digambar Jain Degree College in Baraut, Baghpat. He tried to find out the cause by conducting a survey on this issue in his countryside. Dr. Anshu explains, “Now the biggest reason is that every parent has gone out of the shell that his girl only studies for marriage. Now every girl wants to be a self-dependent. Everyone wants a job. When I talked to girls He said clearly that he should now be known in the name of her husband all his life, he does not like it, he has to make his own identity, work for himself, earn money. ”
Dr. Anshu has also studied in the same field. She says that earlier there was fear, of molestation, of insolence. Now she is so aware that she herself calls Dial 100. Now she does not hide anything but discus. Earlier it used to hide, now it is not so.
There are some khap panchayats also responsible for this social change. Panchayats, which are known only for banning girls, are running campaigns for girls’ education today. His son Rakesh Tikait is currently a spokesperson in the Indian Farmers Union formed by Mahendra Singh Tikait and belongs to Balian Khap. Rakesh says that khap panchayats always promoted the education of girls. Baba Tikait opened a school for girls in the village in 1990 itself. Even today we insist on the education of girls in the panchayat. Now people live in the city, facilities have increased, so girls have started studying further.